Slovene contribution to world civilization on the average has been no
less than that of any other nation
||First independent state - State of Carinthia (Karantanija), established in the 7th
century and lasted almost two hundred years.
The enthronement ceremony of our princes on the "Duke's Stone" (at the
Gosposvetsko Field, today in Carinthia, Austria) inspired Thomas Jefferson
when he was writing the Declaration of Independence in 1776.
||The Freising Manuscript form the 10th century is the first record of a Slovene
text. Three liturgies comprise the oldest texts written in any of the Slavic
||Herman of Carinthia - mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, translator of the
Koran and astrological writings, the first Slovene scientist to acquire a European
reputation. His philosophical treatise, De essentiis (On Essences), written in
1143 was reprinted by the Germans in 1982.
||Discovered in 1492, the mercury mine in Idrija was the second largest mercury
mine in the world for centuries and stimulated the development of science,
medicine, and technology in Slovenia and in Europe.
Its continuous 500 year production was a powerful stimulus to the development
of science, medicine and technology not only in Slovenia, but also in the greater
||Half a century of Protestant Reformation gave Slovenes a systematic
orthography, alphabet and standardized language and the first book appeared in
1550 by Primoz Trubar (1508-1586) a protestant reformist. Only a few years
later Slovenes could read the Old and New Testaments in their mother tongue.
||Slovenes received their first complete translation of the bible in 1586. With its
publication, Slovenes ranked among the only twelve nations of the world that
had such translation in the 16th century.
||J.V. Valvasor (1641-1693) the first really well known Slovene scientist, reveals
in his famous work "The Glory of the Duchy of Carniola" (1689) the fact that
skis were already familiar to the Slovene people in his day.
Among Slovenia's many historical legacies, its original skis arouse special respect. One of the
oldest means of transportation on the high Bloke plateau in central Slovenia, they were first
documented in the 17th century. Their autochthonous character and originality prove the
assertion that Slovenes are among the oldest skiers in Central Europe. While the people of
the Bloke plateau spent the winter days on them using them to transport goods, overcome
distances, and go about their work, at the same time they also used them for various games
and pure pleasure.
||Janez Vajkard Valvasor - historian and member of the British Royal Society.
His book "The Glory of the Duchy of Carniola", published in 1689 provided a
vivid description of the Slovene lands of the time.
In four thick and richly illustrated books he described nature and life in the
greater part of Slovenia and neighbouring countries. Through his study of the
complex mechanism of the intermittent Cerknica lake, Valvasor becama a
member of the Royal Society in London.
||Jurij Vega (1754-1802)
Slovene mathematician Jurij Vega was the first in the world to calculate the
mathematical constant π (Ludolf's number) to an accuracy of 140 decimal
places. In 1794 in Leipzig he published a manual Thesaurus logarithmorum
completus which has been used for accurate calculations in astronomy, geodesy
and other pure sciences for almost two centuries, i.e., until the recent
introduction of electronic calculators.
Even more famous is his German-Latin Small Book of Logarithms (1793),
accurate up to seven decimal digits, and is one of the most widely used
mathematical books in the world. In 1966, its 102nd German edition was printed
and its English and Russian translations have gone through over 50 editions.
After Baron Jurij Vega one of the craters at Mare australis on the Moon was
||The first boat tests in the world using a propeller were very probably made
around 1820 on Krka River near Kostanjevica in Dolenjska region by a
Slovenian of Czech extraction. The inventor Josef Ressel (1793-1857) obtained
a permit for use in Trieste, where 13 models of his propeller are on display.
His invention changed maritime navigation considerably.
||At the end of 1846, a collection of poems was published in Ljubljana such as
Slovenes had never seen before and have not seen since, Poezije, the work of
Slovenia's greatest poet France Preseren (1800-1848).
||Jozef Stefan (1835-1893) one of the most prominent physicists of the 19th
century, was the only Slovene scientist who discovered any of the fundamental
natural laws - the law of heat radiation (1879), named for him the Stefan law.
A Slovene contributed the first mathematically supported concept for a space
station of satellite circling the earth at the same speed as a point below it on the
Equator. He published his findings under the pseudonym "Herman Noordung"
in his book Das Problem der Befährung des Weltraum (Berlin, 1929).
Slovene words that have entered the world's scientific vocabulary:
The Slovene language has provided a range of international Karst
terminology such as polje, dolina (for sinkholes), ponor ...
Sources:Slovenia Quarterly, MM
Sandi Sitar: 100 slovenskih znanstvenikov